Red wolves are lean canids often with black tipped bushy tails. Their coats are mostly a brown or buff color, with some black along their backs. There is sometimes a reddish tint to the fur on their muzzle, behind their ears, and on the backs of their legs. At a glance a red wolf may look somewhat like the domestic German shepherd.
Size: The red wolf is of an intermediate size between a gray wolf and a coyote. They are about 4 feet long and stand about 26 inches at the shoulder. Red wolves weigh anywhere between 45-80 pounds, with males averaging about 60 pounds and females about 50 pounds.
Diet: Red wolves are carnivores, though their diet can vary depending on what prey is available. Mostly they hunt smaller mammals like raccoons, rabbits, and rodents, along with white tailed deer. Within their territory red wolves will travel up to 20 miles in search of prey.
Typical Lifespan: In the wild, red wolves typically live 5-6 years, and as long as 14 years in captivity.
Habitat and Range
Equally at home in forests, swamps, and coastal prairies, red wolves can thrive in a wide range of habitats.
Historically the red wolf ranged from southeastern Texas to central Pennsylvania. Today the only place red wolves can be found in the wild is in eastern North Carolina Albemarle Peninsula.
How Wolves Communicate
Red wolves communicate through body language, scent marking, and a series of vocalizations. These include the characteristic howl, along with a series of barks, growling and yaps. The red wolf’s howl sounds somewhat similar to a coyote’s, but is often lower pitched and lasts longer.